Top Stories Of Today.......

  |   LIST OF FESTIVAL SPECIAL TRAINS 2014   |   SABARIMALAI FESTIVAL SPECIAL TRAINS 2014 - 15   |   List of Winter Special Trains 2014   |  LATEST IRCTC STUDENT CONCESSION RULES   |   Railway Exam erstwhile Group - D vacancies Announced   |   MUMBAI LOCAL TRAINS :: MEGA BLOCK DETAILS ANNOUNCED   |  IRCTC CONNECT :: ANDROID MOBILE APPLICATION   |   Features of New Train Time Table :: 01-09-2014   |   WEEKLY and PREMIUM SPECIAL TRAINS :: SOUTHERN RAILWAY   |   SPECIAL TRAINS FOR AUGUST 2014 :: SOUTH WESTERN RAILWAY   |   KAMAKHYA - PUNE and KATIHAR - FEROZPUR :: SPECIAL TRAINS   |   New BERTH SELECTION Option In TRAINS :: IRCTC   |   TRAIN TIME REVISED :: KONKAN RAILWAY   |   MUMBAI METRO :: NEW FARE DETAILS   |   GO - INDIA SMART CARDS BY NORTHERN RAILWAY   |   RAILWAY BUDGET 2014 -2015 for MUMBAI   |   INDIAN RAILWAY BUDGET 2014 -2015   |   MULTI MODEL TRANSPORT SERVICE :: DELHI - SRINAGAR   |   NEW TIME FOR MUMBAI TRAINS :: MONSOON TIME TABLE 2014 :: KONKAN RAILWAY   |   TRAIN TIME TABLE VALIDITY EXTENDED 2014   |   MONSOON TRAIN TIME TABLE 2014   |   FINAL REVISED TRAIN FARE 2014 :: MONTHLY SEASON TICKETS AND SECOND CLASS SUBURBAN   |   IRCTC NEXT GENERATION TICKET BOOKING WEBSITE LAUNCHED   |   JANSADHARAN AND SPECIAL TRAINS :: SOUTH CENTRAL RAILWAY   |   MUMBAI METRO LAUNCHED   |   NEW KOLKATA - ANAND VIHAR DAILY EXPRESS TRAIN   |   IRCTC AC PREMIUM TRAINS LIST 2014   |   LIST OF FESTIVAL SPECIAL TRAINS 2014   |   HYLITES Latest Android Mobile App Download Link Powered by SCR   |   HOLI SPECIAL TRAINS 2014 ANNOUNCED   |   TRIVANDRUM - NIZAMUDDIN NEW EXPRESS TRAIN ANNOUNCED   |   IRCTC WEBSITE FASTER THAN EVER BEFORE DURING PEAK HOURS   |   MUMBAI MONORAIL STARTED RUNNING   |   NIRBHAYA CARD FOR LADIES RAIL PASSENGERS   |   KOLKATA - CHENNAI :: AC EXPRESS TRAINS   |   CENTRAL RAILWAYS EVENTS CALENDER 2014   |   GPS BASED LIVE TRAIN TRACKING SYSTEM   |   IRCTC eWALLET BOOKING SERVICES STARTED   |   TRAIN FARE INCREASED   |   DURONTO TRAIN FARE INCREASED FROM 10 OCT 2013   |   NEW NATIONAL TRAIN ENQUIRY SYSTEM LAUNCHED   |   IRCTC MOBILE APPLICATION FOR WINDOWS 8 INTRODUCED   |   FASTEST SEAT AVAILABILITY CHECKER AVAILABLE   |   DELHI METRO RAIL FREE MOBILE APPLICATION RELEASED   |   SOLAR ENERGY IN INDIAN RAILWAYS SOON   |   KURLA -KOCHUVELI TRAIN TIME FIXED   |   TRAIN TIME TABLE DETAILS 2013 - 14 BOOKLET :: SOUTH CENTRAL RAILWAY   |   NEW TRAIN TIME TABLE :: JULY 2013 ANNOUNCED   |   IRCTC MOBILE SMS TICKET BOOKING SERVICE STARTED   |   IRCTC TICKET REFUND RULES REVISED FROM JULY 1 - 2013   |   LIVE TRAIN ARRIVAL DEPARTURE CHECKING NEW WEBSITE ANNOUNCED   |   FREE WiFi On Trains   |   HIGHLIGHTS OF RAILWAY BUDGET 2013-2014   |   RAILWAY BUDGET 2013 - 2014 :: NEW TRAINS LIST   |   SHOPPING SERVICES IN EXPRESS TRAINS :: KONKAN RAILWAY   |   CATERING COMPLAINT TOLL FREE NO AND E-MAIL ID :: IRCTC   |  DELHI METRO RAIL PARKING CHARGE INCREASED   |  FREE RAIL TRAVEL :: FREEDOM FIGHTERS   |  TOURIST TICKET ( PASS) FARE CHANGE :: MUMBAI LOCAL TRAINS   |   SEASON TICKETS FOR TRAINS :: HALF YEARLY AND YEARLY TICKETS   |   GARIB RATH EXPRESS :: NEW BOOKING OPTION   |   ID PROOF - RAILWAY RELAX CONDITION   |  IRCTC FOOD MENU :: RATES REVISED   |   TRAIN DELAY STATUS :: LIVE   |   GOOGLE MAPS :: INDIAN RAIL ONLINE TRACKER   |   IRCTC ROLLING DEPOSIT SCHEME [ RDS ] GOING TO INTRODUCE   |   AC DOUBLE DECKER TRAINS :: JAIPUR - DELHI   |   IRCTC INTRODUCES NEW PAYMENT METHOD :: IMPS   |   IRCTC BETA MOBILE WEBSITE   |   NEW WEBSITE FOR MUMBAI ACCIDENT DETAILS   |   ALTERNATIVE WEBSITES FOR INDIAN RAIL TICKET BOOKING   |   MUMBAI WESTERN RAILWAYS HELP LINE NUMBER CHANGED   |   WAITING LIST CONFIRMATION RULE CHANGED   |   SATELLITE TRAIN RUNNING STATUS AVAILABLE NOW   |   BANGALORE METRO RAIL SMART CARD AUTO TOP UP AVAILABLE NOW   |   IZZAT MONTHLY SEASON TICKET - TRAVEL DISTANCE LIMIT INCREASED   |   TATKAL RESERVATION PERIOD REDUCED TO 24 HOURS   |   TRAVEL WITHOUT E-TICKET PRINT OUT   |   UN LIMITED TRAVEL TICKET FOR MUMBAI LOCAL TRAIN   |   Indian Railways ::PNR Status:: Now so easy   |   Indian Rail On Wi-Fi Enabled Stations   |   Indian Rail Online Fast Ticket Booking Services

Thursday, July 16, 2009

Indian Railway History

Indian Railways, abbreviated as IR (भारे), is the state-owned railway company of India, which owns and operates most of the country's rail transport. It is overseen by the Ministry of Railways of the Government of India.



Indian Railways has one of the largest and busiest rail networks in the world, transporting over 18 million passengers and more than 2 million tonnes of freight daily.It is the world's largest commercial or utility employer, with more than 1.4 million employees. The railways traverse the length and breadth of the country, covering 6,909 stations over a total route length of more than 63,327 kilometres (39,350 mi). As to rolling stock, IR owns over 200,000 (freight) wagons, 50,000 coaches and 8,000 locomotives.
Railways were first introduced to India in 1853. By 1947, the year of India's independence, there were forty-two rail systems. In 1951 the systems were nationalised as one unit, becoming one of the largest networks in the world. IR operates both long distance and suburban rail systems on a multi-gauge network of broad, metre and narrow gauges. It also owns locomotive and coach production facilities.


The novel plan for the introduction of a rail system, transformed the whole history of India. This innovative plan was first proposed in 1832; however no auxiliary actions were taken for over a decade. In the year 1844, private entrepreneurs were allowed to launch a rail system by Lord Hardinge, who was the Governor-General of India. By the year 1845, two companies were formed and the East India Company was requested to support them in the matter. The credit from the UK investors led to the hasty construction of a rail system over the next few years. On 22nd Dec' 1851, the first train came on the track to carry the construction material at Roorkee in India. With a passage of one and a half years, the first passenger train service was introduced between Bori Bunder, Bombay and Thana on the providential date 16th Apr' 1853. This rail track covered a distance of 34 kms (21 miles). Ever since its origin, the rail service in India never turned back. The British Government approached private investors and persuaded them to join the race with a system that would promise an annual return of 5% during the early years of operation. Once finished, the company would be transferred under the Government ownership, yet the operational control will be enjoyed by the original company. In 1880, the rail network acquired a route mileage of about 14,500 km (9,000 miles), mostly working through Bombay, Madras and Calcutta (three major port cities). By 1895, India had started manufacturing its own locomotives. In no time, different kingdoms assembled their independent rail systems and the network extended to the regions including Assam, Rajasthan and Andhra Pradesh. In 1901, a Railway Board was formed though the administrative power was reserved for the Viceroy, Lord Curzon. The Railway Board worked under the guidance of the Deptt of Commerce and Industry. It was comprised of three members - a Chairman, a Railway Manager and an Agent respectively. For the very first time in its history, the Railways instigated to draw a neat profit. In 1907, most of the rail companies were came under the government control. Subsequently, the first electric locomotive emerged in the next year. During the First World War, the railways were exclusively used by the British. In view of the War, the condition of railways became miserable. In 1920, the Government captured the administration of the Railways and the linkage between the funding of the Railways and other governmental revenues was detached. With the Second World War, the railways got incapacitated since the trains were diverted to the Middle East. On the occasion of India's Independence in 1947, the maximum share of the railways went under the terrain of Pakistan. On the whole, 42 independent railway systems with thirty-two lines were merged in a single unit and were acknowledged as Indian Railways. The existing rail networks were forfeited for zones in 1951 and 6 zones were formed in 1952. With 1985, the diesel and electric locomotives took the place of steam locomotives. In 1995, the whole railway reservation system was rationalized with computerization.

No comments:

Post a Comment

Google+ Followers

Popular Posts

Followers

Interesting Blogs For Reading